Sailpoint is a leading identity and access management (IAM) solution that enables organizations to manage their identities effectively in today's dynamic environments. This Sailpoint Interview questions and answers blog has been written after a deep research on topics that are highly important and frequently asked in any Sailpoint interview.
This blog starts with basic concepts and covers advanced modules with detailed explanations. This blog covers the core modules like Access management, Active Directory (AD), CIEM, Biometric authentication, Deprovisioning, IDaaS, Digital identity, MFA, RBAC, SoD, SSO, etc.
We have divided this guide into the following two main segments
Let's make our base strong with the following simple questions:
Identity and Access Management (IAM) is an important segment of the security domain. It is a combination of technology and compliance rules to securely manage user access to organizations' valuable resources. Using identity and access management software organizations can automate user management processes and effectively secure them from evolving cyber-attacks.
A digital identity is information related to an individual, organization or device available online. Typical digital identity information includes username, govt ID, phone number, email, biometrics, etc. These identities are helpful for managing user activity, giving access, tracking activity, etc.
Identity Management is also known as IDM and this is an effective way of managing users, entities, or devices. It enables security experts to have greater control over organizational sensitive information and also in provisioning the right access to the right resources. Effective Identity management can help organizations secure from data breaches.
Identity and access management are both related to user management and are closely related.
Identity Management: This process stores and manages information such as user name, email, job title, department, emp Id, etc. Identity management is a core source for access management.
Access Management: It uses identity information to allot required access to the identities. Access management is a critical task as it decides the user's access to data, applications, resources, etc.
There are two types of IAM solutions which are:
Traditionally organizations have been using on-prem solutions for Identity and access management by installing it on their local servers. Many organizations are moving to cloud-based solutions as it comes with advantages like greater control, low cost, low maintenance, Improved up-time, etc.
Privileged Access Management falls under the board category of IAM and this strategy is mainly used to track and control elevated access permissions and accessibility of identities. It is a method to grant & manage additional permissions to administrators or higher authorities who need access to servers, applications, maintenance, updates, etc.
Following are some of the common PAM accounts:
Active Directory is an innovative product from Microsoft And AD is also called a database.
It is a combination of a set of services that allow users to access the required resources to get their job done.
Active Directory (AD) contains core information about your organization such as users, devices, accounts, accessibility permissions, etc.
The following are the core benefits of AD:
Identity Governance is a key area of IAM and it is a combination of security compliance & software to manage users.
Role Based Access Management is an advanced mechanism to assign a set of permissions to a group of people. RABC simplifies the process to assign user permission based on their job role and the resources that they need to get the job done. Generally, higher job role authorities have extra permissions compared to others.
Single Sign-On features are an advanced authentication process that enables the users to use a Single user ID & Password to access multiple systems and resources to which he/she has access to. It eliminates the need to frequently enter user credentials whenever you are trying to access any resources.
Below listed are the typical advantages that an organization can reap:
The following are the typical functions of an IAM tool:
Sailpoint is a top Identity and access management tool and comes in two variants which are Sailpoint IIQ (on-prem) and Sailpoint IdentityNow (cloud). It offers advanced features to automate most of the IAM operations and provides strong measures to secure from modern internal as well as external breaches.
It offers a secure way to access organizational resources by its users inside or remotely using different devices. Also, it facilitates seamless integration with other tools and applications. The Sailpoint identity security platform leverages AI and Machine learning technologies to offer 360 degrees visibility, insights, and recommendations you need.
Related Article: Sailpoint Tutorial
Sailpoint IdentityIQ is an on-prem enterprise-grade solution offered by Sailpoint for its customers who wish to deploy it in their local servers. It offers all the IAM features required to manage user identities. IdentityIQ also offers out-of-the-box features to integrate with applications and data in the cloud or on-prem.
In Sailpoint Certifications is a critical component using which designated authorities can have a clear view into who is having access to what resources. Certifiers use this as a medium to analyze user access and revoke access if required.
Following are the core components of Salpont:
Compliance manager is one of the core components of Sailpoint and it majorly performs three tasks:
Lifecycle Manager acts as a centralized platform to make automatic changes to user access and delivers faster services. It offers a self-service access request option which eliminates the need for dependency on IT teams and users can gain access to requested resources within no time.
Moreover, the lifecycle manager performs advanced tasks like automatically detecting and making changes to user access when they move internally or leave the organization.
Sailpoint has been equipped with AI & Machine learning capabilities. SailPoint Predictive Identity automatically spots suspicious access to resources and secures them from breaches. Machine learning technology recommends you the insights & suggestions you need to take before things go out of control.
Sailpoint Privileged Account Management is a core component that allows administrators to extend privileged access to higher authorities or management. Identity IQ is used as a centralized platform to manage standard as well as privileged account accessibility.
Sailpoint offers a wide range of advanced connectors and seamless integrations to all organizational resources such as applications, cloud, on-prem and Hybrid environments.
Following are the critical areas you can connect & govern using Sailpoint
The Sailpoint Cloud Access Management module is meant to govern access across organizational cloud environments. It offers clear visibility into cloud infrastructure, spots anomalies, and timely enforce policies across all identities.
The Sailpoint Password Management component streamlines the process for the users to securely reset passwords from any device. All these tasks can be performed by following strong policies companies.
In IAM user provisioning is a process of utilizing key information such as user name, email, department, job title, and other attributes to create a digital identity. These identities are given access to the required level of access to organizational IT infrastructure and applications.
Following are the different types of user provisioning:
Deprovisioning is an act of revoking user access due to various reasons such as employee departure or transfer. Sometimes accounts are deleted because of various security reasons. Deprovisioning is very essential because dormant accounts are often used as gateways by cyber criminals.
Account Mapping is a specific page on the Sailpoint platform that enables you to set up and map specialized accounts. Specialized accounts are designed to perform crucial tasks on different applications. Examples of Specialized accounts include Root, Admin, superuser, etc.
Sailpoint offers advanced role configuration and role management features that enable organizations to effectively manage their users. Role configuration allows administrators to allot required permissions to do their job at different levels. This process will also give clear visibility into higher and lower-level privileges.
In general, partitioning is a process of dividing a single thing into multiple pieces. In Sailpoint, Partitioning is a method that enhances the data processing process by splitting data across different hosts. The main goal of this technique is to improve throughput and speed of data processing.
The Sailpoint lifecycle manager is one of the essential components that manages modifications done to user access and automates provisioning activities. It monitors and manages activities such as user activity, joining, upgrading, leaving organization provisioning & de-provisioning, etc.
JDBC connector is used in Sailpoint to read-write operations into a JDBC-supported database. And we can use a JDBC connector to work with flat table data.
Following are the different types of rules available in Sailpoint
Following are the different certifications available in Sailpoint
Following are the different stages of a certification lifecycle:
In the Sailpoint platform, one can delegate a review item to others to make decisions. Once you get the item back from the person you still have control to make changes to a decision made by that person. The end goal of the Deligation rule in Sailpoint is to retain control of the original reviewer.
In Identity and Access Management, Automated provisioning is a process of granting accessibility permissions to users through an automated process. This process eliminates a lot of manual work and automatically grants a user access to organizational applications, data, and systems. Moreover, we can also automate the process to remove the access to resources and this process is called automated de-provisioning.
Identity Reconciliation is an audit methodology used to that analyze user access, privileged accounts, access rights, etc. This method confirms that the application data is synched with the identity management system and that users have appropriate access to do their job.
Following are the 3 types of Identity Reconciliation available:
Sailpoint is a widely used IAM tool in the market with advanced features and is built on top of AI & ML technology to handle any sort of identity management operations. Hope you feel worth investing your time in reading this Sailpoint interview questions and answers blog. We will keep adding more interview questions to help our readers present the best Sailpoint identity interview questions. Stay tuned!
By Tech Solidity
Last updated on July 31, 2023